SOCIAL CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857 » There was fear among peoples that Christian missionaries will convert them into Christian. Preview Download PDF What we think, what . The cartridges for Enfield Rifle to be. The settlers were the ones, who came to the country, conquered it and settled here. He crossed the Oxus and went. Guilty.Crown.Complete.English.Dubbed. English Company was more honourable than some third world armies of the, post-1947 who first swored on the Holy Quran to do the same as in Wazir Ali's, case and later handed some insurgents to the EEIC. The annexation was an unacceptable change for a sizeable, portion of the population. Man's basic needs are food, water and air, but once these are fulfilled, he strives for higher needs and ideals like freedom and independence. These, two loans were exorted to make up for the disastrous First Afghan War. These cartridges gave a simultaneous common ground to both to rationalize, their hatred of the EEIC European. However from the political military or economic point of, view it strengthened the EEIC's position in northern India. 8 Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The Nawab's sole interest was to stay in power. There, are three aspects about the loans. Bengal Army native soldiers in the invincibility of EEIC and the Britishers. Causes of revolt: The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. disband his army and to replace it by a pure EEIC force51. The British did not, understand why 2nd Light Cavalry had behaved like that. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts people. Books written after 1947 attempt to portray it as a struggle between, 'Hindus' or 'Muslims' but it was never anything like that. Political Causes: Nana Sahib alias Dhondu Pant was refused pension, as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II.The vigorous application of the doctrine of lapse was responsible for participation of Rani of Jhansi and Nana Sahib.. Economic Causes: The new land revenue system ruined many peasant proprietors who lost their lands … He became, famous for the decisive part he played in suppression of 'Thugs' in India from, 1826 to 183265. according to Shia Tradition when at Ghadir UL Khumm a depression located 91a. In 1856 once the EEIC annexed Oudh its outstanding, loans which it had taken from Oudh stood at Rs.35,000,000 or 3.5 million, Pounds62A. Many of them, married here, intimately mingled with Indians, took a deep interest in Indian, history and made very positive contributions in the literary, social, educational, and economic spheres. Wazir Ali fled from the scene, raised an army of 6,000 but was defeated. But all this was not registered by the, Sepoy. However long negotiations followed in which the viceroy's brother, agreed to cession of only half the territory to the EEIC's domains.This, annexation rendered Oudh politically geographically and militarily little more, than a petty vassal state of the East India Company. convinced by virtue of the excellent fighting performance in the two Sikh wars. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. The first loan of 1.85 million pounds was, taken in 1814. The second fear pertained to the new, recruitment policy of the EEIC. The dispersion of British troops and their, being outnumbered overwhelmingly in 1857 was the final blow. Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. of Lord Dalhousie-J.G.A Baird-Blackwood-London-1910. They. or 9th October 1819.This date was selected because it signified the day, according to Shia tradition when at Ghadir ul Khumm a depression located, between Madina and Mecca Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) paused and revealed to, his assembled companions that Ali would be the first Imam and political, Publishing House-Delhi-1988.The pension was fixed at eleven and half lakh or, 1.15 million Rupees per year.The Marhatas were given the so called Mughal, Emperor Rs 62,000 per month and in these terms the Mughal Emperor received a. pension boost since the sum fixed by the English East India Company was larger! If, we glance at Indian history between 1757 and 1857, we find hardly any Indian, in a respectable official rank or position in the territories governed by the, English East India Company. because of the circumstances in which history had placed them. It is of interest to, note that Akbar the Mughal Emperor had also made an attempt to restrict this, practice. Revolt of 1857 – Causes . India witnessed considerable bloodshed, anarchy and destruction. 'Settlers' or 'Plunderers'. Thus Ghaziuddin Haider loaned the EEIC some 3.085 million, Pound Sterlings during his reign from 1814-2753. Lord Dalhousie, one of the Governor Generals in India wanted for, example to include Indians in the higher government of India but his wish was, overruled by the court of Directors of the English East India Company. But the very fact, that there was a third religion made the scenario complex. In the year 1832 a similar law was passed giving protection to, Christian converts in inheriting property, but this law was confined only to the, Bengal presidency area75, notably in the case of inheriting property. EEIC's agreement to let them rule stemmed not from, any fear of the Nawab's military might but from a simple pragmatic, assessment in 1765 and even in 1801 that Oudh was too large a morsel to be, swallowed in one go. chain of events and their cascading effects, .. . From the strict legal point it can be, criticized as unjust. download 1 file . from 1775 when they took Benares from Oudh. With profound insight, Sleeman warned Dalhousie that Oudh's annexation, would have a very negative effect on Bengal Army, bulk of whose Sepoys, belonged to Oudh. services against the Sepoy Rebels during the final capture of Lucknow in March number in the period (1679-1707) stood at 31.6 %32 . Download as DOC, PDF, . Thus once the First Afghan War, started the Bengal Army was deployed west of Indus. Learn more about the impact of 1857 revolt. Sleeman by his deep knowledge of, India and its languages was ideally suited for this task. The, EEIC however was not happy to allow Wazir Ali to stay so close to Oudh's. Dalhousie's policies and, legislation however were viewed more seriously. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. His religious disabilities Act, of 1856 gave protection to Hindus all over India who had converted to, Christianity. Babar, was an independent King and there was no board of directors controlling him, from Tashkent or Bokhara in Central Asia. © Be my guest in Rio. Mughals was a state which had opened its doors to the 'Natives' as the British, later degradingly referred to the Indians. But they started, the process of annexation in 1775 when the Nawab of Oudh agreed to cede to, the EEIC territories comprising Benaras, Jaunpore, Mirzapur etc. This was a major change in the terms of service of the, Bengal Army which was conceived and planned by Dalhousie but introduced by, his successor Lord Canning greatly demoralised the Hindu soldiers. It was again a muzzle loaded rifle. swine's fat was a definite attack on the religion of both Hindus and Muslims. Army sepoys belief that the Britisher was not invincible. We see exactly the same phenomena in, Germany after 1918 once the German populace mistakenly believed that they, had never been militarily defeated but had been stabbed in the back. travel across sea which was regarded by the high caste Hindus and, Rajputs of that time as something which would soil and pollute the purity of, their caste. 57. the city flourishedexcept during the Indian Mutiny in 1857, . That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. Sir Syed Ahmad, Khan, in his famous pamphlet 'Causes of Indian Mutiny' singled this out as one, of the salient causes of the events of 185779. It was this rumour which was the immediate and direct. But this was irrelevant because, both the parties used religion just as one of the means to a personal or, political end. From. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… conduct of many officials of the EEIC alienated a vast majority of the populace. But this is not the end, it is the same, Saadat Ali who again yields to the EEIC half more of Oudh in 1801. Pages-30 & 31- The Mughal Nobility under Aurangzeb- M Athar Ali-Oxford, Macmillan and Company Limited-Saint Martins Press-New York-1958. The king had an army and a host of other officials, numbering more than 1,60,000. For more than an year through sheer, carelessness and negligence the allowances were not paid to pensioners, which was part of the EEIC settlement terms. 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